O most noble Greenness, rooted in the sun

by Hildegard von Bingen

English version by Jerry Dybdal and Matthew Fox
Original Language Latin

O most noble Greenness, rooted in the sun,
shining forth in streaming splendor upon the wheel of Earth.
No earthly sense or being can comprehend you.
You are encircled by the very arms of Divine mysteries.
You are radiant like the red of dawn!
You glow like the incandescence of the sun!

-- from Hildegard of Bingen's Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs, by Hildegard of Bingen / Edited by Matthew Fox

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/ Image by Jeremy Bishop /

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Commentary by Ivan M. Granger

Greenness, the essence of life everywhere present...

Although it's never explicitly stated, Hildegard von Bingen seems to be evoking the image of a tree, the Tree of Life. Hildegard's "Greenness" is elsewhere translated as "evergreen." The evergreen tree is often used as a symbol of eternal life -- it is always green and vibrant, even during winter, the season of death and withdrawal. Within the Christian tradition, the evergreen is specifically a symbol of Christ, the one who overcomes death, the one who is the embodiment of eternal life. Christ is particularly associated with the tree based on prophetic associations of the messiah as 'the branch' and, of course, because of his crucifixion (being 'hung upon the tree').

So when Hildegard, a Catholic nun, sings to the evergreen, she is singing to Christ, the Beloved, the Living One.

What does Hildegard mean when she refers to the tree as being "rooted in the sun"? This is one of the more interesting lines to me. The sun may represent God, which the Greenness of Christ is rooted in, Christ being living outpouring of that light, but taking on form and life.

I can't help shaking the sense that this is an alchemical image, however. In the Western alchemical tradition, the seat of the body, the "root," is sometimes associated with the sun and fire (in yogic tradition, this would be named the fiery Kundalini); and in alchemical engravings, we often find the the image of a sun at the body's base. Hildegard von Bingen may have been using the language of spiritual alchemy. This raises the fascinating question: Was Hildegard von Bingen, in addition to being a Catholic nun, also an initiate of secret esoteric traditions? Her work as a respected herbalist and healer certainly could have introduced her to medical alchemy practiced at the time.

(An even more overtly yogic way to understand this imagery is that, like the yogic tree, Hildegard's evergreen is upside-down, with its roots in heaven -- the radiant crown chakra -- making its branches the energetic pathways of awareness that reach outward through the senses into the world. That reading, of course, raises even bigger questions...)

This tree, this Greenness, "glows," it is "radiant like the red of dawn." The "incandescence" of this tree suggests not only radiant light, but heat and fire. Hildegard may also be drawing a parallel with the burning bush Moses witnessed in the desert. If Moses's burning bush is the same as Hildegard's incandescent Greenness, and they are both understood to be the structure of the subtle spiritual body... well, we, as mystics, have some interesting avenues to explore...

You are encircled by the very arms of Divine mysteries.

Recommended Books: Hildegard von Bingen

Symphonia: A Critical Edition of the Symphonia armonie celstium revelationum German Mystical Writings: Hildegard of Bingen, Meister Eckhart, Jacob Boehme, and others Hildegard of Bingen's Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs Women of Wisdom: A Journey of Enlightenment by Women of Vision Through the Ages The Book of the Rewards of Life: Liber Vitae Meritorum
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O most noble